The years between 3 and 5 are critical in reading growth.
Reading skills develop in kids at different stages during their growth. For example:
The majority of pre-schoolers can name their favourite book; hold a book, turn the pages, pretend/attempt to read; see the difference between random lines and letter/numbers
Some may even recognise and even write some letters or numbers; name some letters; make up rhymes and silly phrases
Small minority may be able to predict the endings of stories; read and write their own name; retell stories they’ve been told
If your child isn’t reading and writing their own name before starting school, it’s completely normal. However, there are ways that you can get involved to help raise an eager reader. For starters, make books a part of the household. Whether it’s your kids seeing you reading them, or letting your kids have a collection of books they can draw from, have reading a focus in the household.
“Ben actually loves our trips to the bookstore. He takes me by the hand and drags me over to the kid’s section as he selects books and comic for his collection. He’s so proud of his curated collection that when visitors come to our home, he always shows it off.”
~Parent of Ben, 4
“Tim’s favourite book is hands down “Where the Sidewalk Ends” by Shel Silverstein. The best part about this book is that it’s filled with silly illustrations and short poems that we can read and giggle at together. He picks a new favourite poem each week, and we read them to death. But, by the end of the week he’s reciting a couple of his favourite lines to anyone who will listen.”
~Parent of Tim, 5
1. Healthfully. How to teach a 4-year-old to read. Available at:
2. Pearson. Top 10 tips to help children enjoy reading. Available at:
3. Scholastic. Raise a reader: a parent guide to reading for ages 3-5. Available at: https://www.scholastic.com/parents/books-and-reading/books-and-reading-guides/raise-reader-parent-guide-to-reading-ages-3-5.html